“Iowa, you have shocked the nation,” Pete Buttigieg told his supporters at a rally in Des Moines on Monday night. His statement was correct, but not in the way he meant it.
After a year of almost constant campaigning by 26 Democratic candidates, and promises by the Iowa Democratic Party (IDP) that this year’s caucus would provide more information than ever before — thanks in large part to precinct managers using a new smartphone app — there was no reliable information reported by the IDP on Monday night. (In his speech at almost 11:30 p.m, Buttigieg was attempting to claim victory in the caucus, knowing that no one had enough information to confirm or refute his statement.)
There was also no reliable information available from the party on Tuesday morning.
What was available Tuesday morning was a version of the same statement the party had been making since it became obvious there was a problem reporting precinct results on Monday night.
“Precinct level results are still being reported to the IDP,” according to a press release issued by the party shortly after 8 a.m. “While our plan is to release results as soon as possible today, our ultimate goal is to ensure that the integrity and accuracy of the process continues to be upheld.”
In response to complaints in previous years — especially following the 2016 caucus, in which Hillary Clinton finished ahead of Bernie Sanders by less than one percentage point — the IDP decided to make public the raw votes from both the first and second alignments at each precinct, as well as the number of delegates awarded. It was the first time the party would provide the raw totals.
To facilitate the reporting of the results, the IDP spent approximately $63,000 on a smartphone app and related services from Shadow, a Denver-based tech company. Shadow was started under the name Groundbase, and was co-founded by Gerard Niemira and Krista Davis, who were part of the tech team for Hillary Clinton’s 2016 campaign.
The Los Angeles Times reports that Shadow is “an affiliate of ACRONYM, a Democratic nonprofit founded in 2017 ‘to educate, inspire, register, and mobilize voters,’ according to its website.” ACRONYM’s founder and CEO is Tara McGowan, who worked as a video producer on President Obama’s 2012 reelection campaign.
The Democratic National Committee advised the IDP to use the app from the politically well-connected firm, rather than have precinct managers report results over the phone as they had in the past, according the New York Times. It was a new app, built by Shadow over the past two months. The app was never tested at a state-wide level. (The DNC also persuaded the Nevada Democratic Party to buy the same app.)
The app failed on Monday night. According to the IDP, some precinct managers could not log in or had other trouble making it work. When the app was used, it failed to report all the necessary information.
The IDP stressed in a press release that the app had not been hacked. The lack of transparency around the app and whatever its security measures are had raised concerns about hackers being able undermine confidence in the results of caucus. Instead, according, to the IDP, the problem with the app was a coding error that prevented the app from functionally properly.
“As precinct caucus results started coming in, the IDP ran them through an accuracy and quality check. It became clear that there were inconsistencies with the reports,” according to a written statement from IDP Chair Troy Price. “The underlying cause of these inconsistencies was not immediately clear, and required investigation, which took time.”
“As this investigation unfolded, IDP staff activated pre-planned backup measures and entered data manually. This took longer than expected.”
There was a central phone number at the IDP’s Des Moines headquarters to call to report results if the precinct wasn’t using the app, but the line was overwhelmed and callers got busy signals or were put on hold for an excessively long time.
But the party is confident that when the results are finally released, they will be accurate, because of the paper trail created at the precinct level. At least 50 percent of the total from the state’s more than 1,600 precincts will be released at 4 p.m. on Tuesday, the IDP announced late on Tuesday morning.